Wednesday, September 09, 2009

Live At NASA: New Hubble Images Unveiled

NASA and U.S. Sen. Barbara Mikulski unveiled a group of 10 new images that prove the recently refurbished Hubble Space Telescope not only is working but in fact is more powerful than ever before.

NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden, who piloted the 1990 mission during which the telescope was first deployed, gathered in Washington, D.C., with the crew of the most recent Hubble Servicing mission in May as well as members of previous Hubble servicing crews.

All in all, some 32 astronauts have taken part in five shuttle missions to service Hubble.

Click to enlarge each of the 10 new images that we've posted here, and let us know what you think. You can also click the enlarged images to get even larger, more detailed views.

Here is the press release from NASA:


WASHINGTON -- Astronomers declared NASA''s Hubble Space Telescope a fully rejuvenated observatory with the release Wednesday of observations from four of its six operating science instruments. Sen. Barbara A. Mikulski, D-Md., unveiled the images at NASA Headquarters in Washington.

Topping the list of new views are colorful, multi-wavelength pictures of far-flung galaxies, a densely packed star cluster, an eerie "pillar of creation," and a "butterfly" nebula. Hubble's suite of new instruments allows it to study the universe across a wide swath of the light spectrum, from ultraviolet all the way to near-infrared. In addition, scientists released spectroscopic observations that slice across billions of light-years to probe the cosmic-web structure of the universe and map the distribution of elements that are fundamental to life as we know it.

"This marks a new beginning for Hubble," said Ed Weiler, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. "The telescope was given an extreme makeover and now is significantly more powerful than ever, well-equipped to last into the next decade."

"I fought for the Hubble repair mission because Hubble is the people's telescope," said Mikulski, chairwoman of the Commerce, Justice and Science Appropriations Subcommittee that funds NASA. "I also fought for Hubble because it constantly rewrites the science textbooks. It has more discoveries than any other science mission. Hubble is our greatest example of our astronauts working together with scientists to show American leadership and ingenuity. I want to salute Team Hubble -- everyone who worked on Hubble from the Goddard Space Flight Center and Space Telescope Science Institute scientists in Maryland, to the ground crew at the Kennedy Space Center, to the Johnson Space Center where the astronauts train, and to the astronauts who were heroes in space."

The new instruments are more sensitive to light and, therefore, will improve Hubble's observing efficiency significantly. It is able to complete observations in a fraction of the time that was needed with prior generations of Hubble instruments. The space observatory today is significantly more powerful than it ever has been.

"We couldn't be more thrilled with the quality of the images from the new Wide Field Camera 3 and repaired Advanced Camera for Surveys, and the spectra from the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph and the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph," said Keith Noll, leader of a team at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, which planned the early release observations. "The targets we've selected to showcase the telescope reveal the great range of capabilities in our newly upgraded Hubble."

These results are compelling evidence of the success of the STS-125 servicing mission in May, which has brought the space observatory to the apex of its scientific performance. Two new instruments, the Wide Field Camera 3 and Cosmic Origins Spectrograph, were installed, and two others, the Advanced Camera for Surveys and Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, were repaired at the circuit board level. Mission scientists also announced Wednesday that the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer was brought back into operation during the three months of calibration and testing.

"On this mission we wanted to replenish the 'tool kit' of Hubble instruments on which scientists around the world rely to carry out their cutting-edge research," said David Leckrone, senior project scientist for Hubble at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. "Prior to this servicing mission, we had only three unique instrument channels still working, and today we have 13. I'm very proud to be able to say, 'mission accomplished.'"

For the past three months, scientists and engineers at the Space Telescope Science Institute and Goddard have been focusing, testing, and calibrating the instruments. Hubble is one of the most complex space telescopes ever launched, and the Hubble servicing mission astronauts performed major surgery on the 19-year-old observatory's multiple systems. This orbital verification phase was interrupted briefly July 19 to observe Jupiter in the aftermath of a collision with a suspected comet.

Hubble now enters a phase of full science observations. The demand for observing time will be intense. Observations will range from studying the population of Kuiper Belt objects at the fringe of our solar system to surveying the birth of planets around other stars and probing the composition and structure of extrasolar planet atmospheres. There are ambitious plans to take the deepest-ever near-infrared portrait of the universe to reveal never-before-seen infant galaxies that existed when the universe was less than 500
million years old. Other planned observations will attempt to shed light on the behavior of dark energy, a repulsive force that is pushing the universe apart at an ever-faster rate.

The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between NASA and the European Space Agency. Goddard manages the telescope. The Space Telescope Science Institute conducts Hubble science operations. The institute is operated for NASA by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy Inc. in Washington, and is an International Year of Astronomy 2009 program partner.

Here are the other images that were released:


Anonymous said...

Fantastic - that Butterfly Nebula is a stunner.

Anonymous said...

Truly wonderous. I love the pictures that the Hubble sends us. Our universe is so infinite, and we are merely specks in time and space. Thank you NASA!!!

Anonymous said...

So, exactly where IS Heaven?

Anonymous said...


Anonymous said...

Heaven is where you hang your hat,and don't get hit with a frying pan!

Anonymous said...

I think heaven is a place you have believe to see.

Anonymous said...

There are more things here on Earth to be discoverd rather than out in space.Cheaper and safer to i would imagine.

Anonymous said...

These new images are great, but I am sad that:

a) Hubble is now on its own. No more astronauts to fix it or reboost it.

b) This magnificent machine, which has changed our perspectives on the universe beyond expectation, will never be have a place of honor in the Air and Space Museum, but will instead rest in many pieces on the floor of the ocean at some point in the future.

Mike D said...

According to family guy, we're nothing but a spec on a lampshade in the bedroom of Rob Lowe and Adam West.

Anonymous said...

Holy Mother of god! Fascinating!!!!!!!!!!

Anonymous said...

the hubble is awsome